The United States was in the grip of the Great Depression when Herbert J. Taylor, the newly appointed president of a nearly bankrupt Chicago cookware company, penned what became known as The Four-Way Test. Today, the simple test serves as an ethical compass for Rotarians everywhere.

In 1932, Herbert J. Taylor, believing his employees were in need of an "ethical yardstick," wrote four questions on a small, white piece of paper:  Is it the TRUTH? Is it FAIR to all concerned? Will it build GOODWILL and BETTER FRIENDSHIPS? Will it be BENEFICIAL to all concerned?